What is Happening in Sudan?

The Complex Conflict in Sudan: Widespread Violence and Humanitarian Consequences

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The Complex Conflict in Sudan: Widespread Violence and Humanitarian Consequences

The recent conflict in Sudan, which began on April 15, has resulted in widespread violence and death. The fighting was triggered by the redeployment of Rapid Support Forces (RSF) members around the country, which the army saw as a threat. Although there were hopes that talks could resolve the situation, these did not occur, and the conflict rapidly escalated in various parts of the country. The World Health Organization reports that over 400 civilians have died in the violence.

While the conflict appears to be focused on controlling key installations, much of the fighting occurs in urban areas, causing civilians to become unwitting victims. It is not entirely clear where the RSF bases are located, but it appears that their fighters moved into densely populated areas. The Sudanese air force has also launched air strikes in the capital, Khartoum, home to over six million people, leading to civilian casualties.

The Sudanese military’s involvement in the country’s politics goes back to the ousting of long-serving President Omar al-Bashir in 2019, who had been in power since he led a coup in 1989. Following mass protests calling for an end to his three-decade rule, the military removed him from power, and a joint military-civilian government was established. However, the military overthrew the government in another coup in October 2021, led by Gen Burhan, intensifying the rivalry between him and Gen Dagalo.

In December 2021, a framework deal was agreed upon to put power back in the hands of civilians. Still, talks to finalize the details have failed, leading to further unrest and instability in the country. The conflict has had severe humanitarian consequences, with widespread violence and displacement affecting many Sudanese citizens.

The fighting in Sudan is a complex issue that involves political power struggles, ethnic and tribal tensions, economic struggles, and social divisions. To resolve the conflict and ensure long-term stability in the country, addressing these underlying issues and working toward a peaceful resolution prioritizing the well-being and safety of all Sudanese citizens will be crucial.