US Denies North Korea Relief From Sanctions
A summit between US President Donald Trump and the North Korean leader Kim Jong-un ended with no agreement after the US refused North Korean demands for sanctions relief, President Trump said. “It was about the sanctions,” he told reporters after the talks ended, “They wanted the sanctions lifted in their entirety and we couldn’t do that.”
The pair had been expected to announce progress on denuclearization.
“Sometimes you have to walk and this was one of those times,” Trump said.
Speaking at the news conference in Hanoi, Trump said no plans had been made for a third summit.
The original White House programme for the day had planned for a “Joint Agreement Signing Ceremony” as well as a working lunch for the two leaders, but expectations were abruptly dashed with the cancellation of both.
What were the sticking points?
According to Trump, Kim made a significant offer – to disme all of the the Yongbyon complex, the research and production facility at the heart of North Korea’s nuclear programme. But in return Kim wanted all sanctions on North Korea lifted, something the US was not prepared to offer.
There was also the question over the network of facilities that extend beyond Yongbyon. Last month, Stephen Biegun, the US State Department special representative for North Korea, said that North Korea had committed in pre-summit talks to destroy all of the nation’s plutonium and uranium enrichment facilities, dependent on unspecified US measures in return.
Yongbyon is North Korea’s only known source of plutonium but the country is believed to have at least two other facilities where uranium is enriched.
Those unspecified measures appear now to have been complete sanctions relief, and Trump suggested in his news conference that Kim offered only the destruction of Yongbyon and not North Korea’s entire nuclear apparatus.
The president said that when he raised the issue of a second enrichment facility apart from Yongbyon, the North Korean delegation was “surprised” by what the US knew.
Is this a setback for Trump?
The first summit between the two leaders, which took place in Singapore in June 2018, was criticized for having produced little in terms of substance, leading to the anticipation that Trump would push at the summit in Hanoi to produce an agreement on denuclearization.
The failure will be viewed as a setback for self-styled dealmaker Trump, who has talked up his historic rapprochement with Kim as a significant policy achievement.
Some praised the president for walking away from the deal offered by North Korea. “This is not necessarily a failure,” Stephan Haggard, a Korea expert at the University of California, San Diego, told the Reuters news agency.
“Time was short and it is clear that the administration wanted to get more in terms of additional sites outside Yongbyon and was unwilling to partially lift sanctions without more clarity or perhaps more concessions on them,” Haggard said.
The summit came as Trump was facing increased scrutiny at home in the US over his business dealings and alleged ties to Russia, after his former lawyer and fixer Michael Cohen testified before Congress on Wednesday.
What does denuclearization mean?
There is uncertainty around what exactly both sides mean by denuclearization. Washington has previously said North Korea must unilaterally give up its all of its nuclear weapons and destroy all of its nuclear facilities before there could be any sanctions relief, but that condition is known to be a sticking point for the North Koreans.
It is thought Kim views denuclearization as a mutual arrangement in which the US withdraws its military presence on the Korean peninsula.
Asked at the news conference on Thursday what he meant by denuclearization, Trump said: “To me it’s pretty obvious, we have to get rid of the nukes.”
Trump said the US delegation “had some options and this time we decided not to do any of the options”. He added that he was “optimistic” and said the talks had left the two nations “in position to have a really good outcome” in the future.
Where does this leave the relationship?
The pair seemed to get along at the Hanoi summit, as they did at the previous summit in Singapore. They took a poolside stroll for the cameras, although neither appeared to say much.
Speaking after the talks in Hanoi, Trump said Kim was “quite a guy and quite a character” and described their relationship as “very strong”.
Despite the lack of an agreement, the second summit would appear to build on a significant shift in the tenor of the relationship between the two nations. In late 2017, they were exchanging vitriolic threats, with Trump calling Kim “little rocket man” and Kim calling Trump a “mentally deranged dotard”.
March 18, 2019
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