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SpaceX Dragon Capsule Docks With Space Station

SpaceX Dragon Safely Docks America’s new astronaut capsule has successfully docked with the International Space Station (ISS) as part of its demonstration mission. The Dragon vehicle, launched by California’s...

SpaceX Dragon Safely Docks

America’s new astronaut capsule has successfully docked with the International Space Station (ISS) as part of its demonstration mission. The Dragon vehicle, launched by California’s SpaceX company on Saturday, made the attachment autonomously.

It is the latest in a series of tests the capsule must pass in order to get approval from NASA to transport people. All this particular mission is carrying is a test dummy and 90 kgs of supplies.

But if everything goes according to plan, astronauts could be launching in the Dragon as early as July. The capsule’s “soft capture” contact with the ISS occurred at 10:51 GMT, when the station was flying over the ocean just north of New Zealand. A full and secure docking was confirmed about 10 minutes later.

The Dragon approached the 400 km-high (250 miles) station from the front and used its computers and sensors to guide itself in. Astronauts aboard the ISS watched closely on HD cameras to make sure the capsule performed as planned.

The capsule advanced on the station slowly, stepping through a series of planned waypoints. US astronaut Anne McClain and Canadian astronaut David Saint-Jacques oversaw events from the station’s big bay window or Cupola. They had the facility to command the Dragon to hold, retreat and even abort the docking.

After some rehearsals, the “go” was given for the final approach. The attachment was made to a new type of mating adapter on the ISS’s Harmony module.

This has a spring system which initially dampens the movement of the incoming vehicle, before applying a series of hooks to pull it in and make an air-tight seal – so-called “hard capture”. McClain, Saint-Jacques and ISS commander Oleg Kononenko were able to enter the Dragon a couple of hours later, after the air pressures inside the capsule and the station had been equalised.

Watching on the ground was Bob Behnken, who’s been picked, along with Doug Hurley, to make the first crewed ride in the Dragon when it gets its certification. “It was super exciting to see it,” he said. “I know you heard the applause and all the clapping that went along with the accomplishment today and so it’s just one more milestone that gets us ready for our flight coming up here.”

The docking procedure is a step up for SpaceX because the cargo ships it normally sends to the lab have to be grappled by a robotic arm and pulled into a birthing position. The freighters do not have the sophistication to dock themselves. The Dragon capsule is due to stay at the ISS until Friday when it will detach and begin the journey back to Earth.

This is the phase of the mission that SpaceX founder Elon Musk says worries him the most – the fiery, high-speed descent through the atmosphere. The Dragon’s backshell, or heat shield, has a somewhat irregular shape and that could lead to temperature variations across the base of the capsule at hypersonic speeds.

“It should be fine, but that’ll be a thing to make sure it works on re-entry,” said Musk, “Everything we know so far is looking positive. Unless something goes wrong I should think we’ll be flying (people) this year; this summer, hopefully.”

The American space agency wants to contract out crew transport to SpaceX. Whereas in the past, NASA engineers would have top-down control of all aspects of vehicle design and the agency would own and operate the hardware – the relationship with industry has been put on a completely new footing.

Today, NASA sets broad requirements and industry is given plenty of latitude in how it meets those demands. Agency officials still check off every step, but the approach is regarded as more efficient.

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